Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 HSV-2

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 HSV-2 Microscopic View

Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 (HSV-2)

Herpes Simplex Virus is a very common infection around the world. It is divided into two types; HSV-1 and HSV-2. This article’s prime focus is on the specifics of the HSV-2 virus. HSV-2 is a more severe infection than HSV-1, and is a sexually transmitted disease. It is commonly transmitted through sexual contact of the genitals; that is why it is called genital herpes. In some cases, HSV-1 can be transferred to the genitals which creates the HSV-2 virus infection. HSV-2 is incurable, and it remains with a person their entire life. After the first breakout, it remains inactive in the nervous system until it is triggered again.

Symptoms of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2

For most people, herpes can be asymptomatic, or the symptoms will be mild. However, the most common symptom of genital herpes is that there are a group of blisters around the sexual organs below the waist. The blisters generally break and turn into sores. Other symptoms include pain while urinating, pain around genitals or trouble urinating due to blockage of the urethra. Additionally, there are more symptoms such as fever, body aches, swollen glands, anxieties and tiredness.

The presence of blisters or sores shows an outbreak of the virus. The infection generally lasts 7-21 days and the first outbreak can last even longer, about 2-4 weeks. The first outbreak is the most painful and the pain and duration reduces with consequent outbreaks. The virus usually resurfaces again due to triggers like fever and stress.

Complications of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2

HSV-2 is a serious virus and it can make a person more susceptible to other STDs. It is reported that HSV-2 can increase the risk of HIV by 300%. People with both of these diseases are more likely to spread HIV, and it should be noted that HIV is most commonly transferred by HSV-2. In turn, this can lead to severe complications and more frequent outbreaks of the HSV-2 virus. Moreover, HSV-2 can cause inflammation in the rectum as well as in the brain, leading to proctitis and meningitis. In rare cases, pregnant women with HSV-2 can transfer the virus to the new-born, which can cause neurological problems or even death.

 Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2

Herpes is a very contagious virus, and it is mainly transmitted during sexual contact or through contact with genital surfaces, sores and fluids of an infected person. It can also be transmitted in the absence of sore or blister and genital herpes can also be caused by HSV-1 during oral sex. The outbreaks can be frequent but can be reduced by using antiviral drugs. It is reported that the use of antiviral medications has decreased and suppressed the virus for most people.

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